Introduction Irrigation is a vital input in the agricultural productivity and agricultural growth. More than 80% of available water resources worldwide as well as in India are being presently utilized for irrigation purposes. However in India, the average water use efficiency
Technological developments in respect of irrigation encompasses sensors and communication, intelligent watering systems and high-efficiency delivery mechanisms for water and nutrients, as well as the means of incorporating all of these elements into irrigation packages. Likewise water efficien
By reassessing the criteria for suitability of water (and land) for irrigation, however, available supplies can be expanded significantly. Very conservative standards have been used in the past regarding the use of saline water in irrigated agriculture. If these standards are&nb
Several issues were recommended as proper tools for the improvement of irrigation efficiency. Improved irrigation technology and advanced farm management practices which includes improvement of irrigation structures and modernization of irrigation systems, adoption of new equipment, lining of&
Drip system has great promise for efficient utilization of available irrigation water. In our country and elsewhere in the world the scientists are unanimously agreed to adopt drip irrigation method for higher application efficiency and thereby better use of scarce irrigation water.
Any effort to improve water use efficiency needs to start with the assessment of the actual and attainable efficiencies for the given situation, as quantitatively as possible. This information is fundamental for making rational improvements aiming at raising overall efficiency to&nbs
The traditional regime for rice, namely, ‘continuous flooding irrigation’ was practiced in India. This system is characterized by the use of a large amount of water and low rice yields. Due to decreasing water supply for agriculture, various water efficient practices
The issues and challenges in adoption of innovative irrigation technologies on wide scale could be technical, economic and social/institutional. Technical issues include- mismatch between the prevailing technologies and local needs, poor or lack of after sales services for maintenance&nbs